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FLORA OF THE ŐRSÉG NATIONAL PARK

SPRUCE

Spruces are tall narrow conical trees, mature at an early age of 150 cm height. The short seed cones grow around the peak; they are bluish purple in summer and turn dark brown in autumn.

 

SCOTS PINE (PINUS SYLVESTRIS)

Scots pines are a very tall pine species reaching a height of about 40 m, depending on habitat. The 3-7 cm long needle-like leaves grow in fascicles of two often twisted and grayish green in color. The upper part of the trunk turns fox red. Its seed cones are small. Not available in cut form, but rather in soil ball.

 

HENYEBOROSZLÁN??????(Veronica )

The plant is 10-20 cm tall has cuneiform 1-2 cm long and 2.5-3 mm wide leaves. The pink or purple quaternary flowers have herbal fragrant. Flowers in April-May. The fruits are skinny stone, hairy yellowish brown. Species under protection.

 

COTTONGRASS

The narrow-leaved cottongrass is a loose grassy perennial plant, grows 30-60 cm tall. It has a slender, round naked stem; the leaves are 2-5 mm narrow. The flowers are in 3-5 little clusters, with long smooth footstalk. When it blooms in April, it is impossible to distinguish from its surroundings. However in summer, when its „crop” is ripe, it produces fluffy, wispy, cottony white blobs that attract attention.

 

ROUNDLEAVED WINTERGREEN

10-30 cm tall bare plant. The leaves are rounded, and arranged in a basal rosette, have long footstalks. The flowers are all around the stem, the petals are fused, funnel form 8-12 mm diameter. The calyx is 2-4.5 mm long, narrow, lanceolate, the pistil is 10 mm long, bended. Blooms in June-July.

 

BLACKTHORN (Prunus spinosa)

Large shrub of 1-3 m height with dense spiny branches. The leaves are oval cuneiform with serrated margin. The flowers are of 1.5 cm diameter, with five slightly creamy-white petals; they are produced shortly before the leaves in early spring, March-May. The fruit, called a "sloe" is a drupe of 10–12 mm diameter, black with a pale purple-blue waxy bloom, and quite tart.

 

COMMON SPOTTED ORCHID

The plant is 15-50 (65) cm tall, perennial. The stem is long and thin, the leaves are narrow, lanceolate, or keeled, 8-15 cm long. The flowers are dense cylindrical cluster, pink, lilac, or purple lilac. The labellum is deeply 3-foiled in the central part, the longest one is triangular sharp. Flowers in May-July.

 

BEECH

The beech tree grows as tall as 40 m, has straight cylindrical trunk. The bark is thin, smooth light or dark grey. The leaves are elliptical or cuneal ending in sharp, their stalk is short. The male flowers hang on long footstalks. The fruit is a small, brown, sharply three-angled nut. Flowers in April-May.

 

CYCLAMEN

The plant is 10-20 cm tall, perennial with underground tuber. The tuber is large wide and bare. The flowers in bud state are atwist, the flowers on the top of the curved stem are pink or purple have intensive fragrant. The 5 united petals are mirrored, are about 15-20 mm long, the tube is much shorter. Blooms in July - September. Protected species.

 

DOGTOOTH VIOLET

The plant is 15-25 cm tall, perennial, with underground tuber. It produces a solitary white, pink or lilac flower at the beginning of spring (February-April). The petals (growing to approx. 3 cm) are mirrored at the top and are yellow tinted at the base. The cormous white rootstocks are oblong and resemble a dog's tooth in appearance; hence the name. The brown spotted leaves are ovate to lanceolate and grow in pairs (growing to approx. 4 cm). 

 

CREEPING LADY’S TRESSES

A tiny orchid type, 10-30 cm tall. It is a green underground creeper that can reach to 30-50 cm. It sends out 3-5 cm occasional stems from the mosses. The stems bear flowers arranged in spiral, small white clusters (4-5 mm).

 

MEDIUM WINTERGREEN

It is a 10-25 cm tall, perennial plant. The leaves are round, arranged in a basal rosette. The flowers are all around the stem, blossom in cluster, and the petals are 6-8 mm long, white. The pistil is straight and widening. Blooms in June-July.

 

GLOBE-FLOWER

It is a perennial plant, grows up to 180 cm. The palmately compound trigeminal leaves are cantled with serrated margin. The solitaire flowers on top of the long ascending stem are round, yellow, glossy and slightly fragranced. Blooms in May-July.

 

CRANBERRY, REDBERRY

It is a 10-30 cm tall perennial, evergreen shrub. The stem is cylindrical, creeping with upright end. The leaves are skinned, ovate, and perennial with curved margin. The flowers are fragranced, dark pink, with very distinct reflexed petals leaving the style and stamens fully exposed and pointing forward. The fruit is a false berry that is larger than the leaves of the plant; it is initially white, but turns a deep red when fully ripe. It is edible, with an acidic taste. Blooms in May-June.

 

SIBERIAN IRIS

This iris species is 50-80 cm tall, slim with cavernous stem. The leaves are about 5-7 mm wide, even shorter on the flowering stem. The stem produces a single flower, which is dark violet in color. Blooms in May-June.

 

ROUND-LEAVED SUNDEW

The plant is 5-15 cm tall, perennial, its leaves are arranged in a basal rosette, densely covered with glandular hairs, and have long footstalk. The small, 5-petalled flowers grow coronate on one side of a single stalk, are white or pink. A carnivorous plant. Blooms in June -August.

 

MENYANTHES

Perennial water plant, the leaves and flowers grow 15-25 cm above water level. The leaves are trigeminal compound3-10 cm long. The flowers grow in clusters on long footstalk. The petals are pink, inside white with long fringes. Blooms in May-June.

 

MARSH CINQUEFOIL

The waterside shrub is 20-40 cm tall, perennial. The whole plant is reddish brown. The 5-7 whorled, narrow leaves are sharply jagged with serrated margin. The back of the leaf is white. The flowers extend from the branch in cluster, the petals vary from red to purple, are shorter than the calyx. Blooms in June-July.

 

9942 Szalafő, Templomszer 21.

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